23 January, 2020

Report of the UNSRRIP on Agenda Item 3

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Agenda item 3: Promotion and protection of all human rights, civil, political, economic, social and cultural rights, including the right to development


I. Introduction

  1. The present report is submitted to the Human Rights Council by the Special Rapporteur on the rights of indigenous peoples pursuant to her mandate under Council resolution 33/12. In the report, the Special Rapporteur provides a brief summary of her activities since her previous report to the Council as well as a thematic study on the impacts of climate change and climate finance on indigenous peoples’ rights.

II. Activities of the Special Rapporteur

  1. As part of her mandate from the Human Rights Council, the Special Rapporteur undertakes four interrelated areas of work; country visits; thematic studies; promotion of good practices; and communications to Governments on alleged cases of human rights violations.
  2. Since she presented her last report to the Council, the Special Rapporteur carried out two official country visits; to the United States of America in February 2017 (A/HRC/36/46/Add.1) and to Australia in March and April 2017 (A/HRC/36/46/Add.2).
  3. With a view to improving the effectiveness of and coordination between the existing bodies within the United Nations system with specific mandates on the rights of indigenous peoples, the Special Rapporteur participated in the annual meetings of the Permanent Forum and of the Expert Mechanism on the Rights of Indigenous Peoples.
  4. In relation to climate finance, the Special Rapporteur has participated in a number of assessments and consultations over the past two years, such as the Global Training of indigenous peoples on the Green Climate Fund and Climate Finance in Bangkok, (September 2015), regional trainings on the same topic in Nairobi, Hanoi and Lima (April, 2016) and the Dialogue on the Engagement of the Green Climate Fund as a Possible Funding Window for Indigenous Peoples in Marrakech (November 2016).


  1. Introduction
  2. Activities of the Special Rapporteur
  3. Indigenous peoples and climate change
    1. Climate change impact on indigenous peoples
    2. Indigenous peoples contributions to adaptation and mitigation strategies
  4. Human rights bodies, indigenous peoples and climate change
  5. Human rights and other international standards, including the United Nations Framework Convention on Climate Change and the Paris Agreement
    1. Self-determination and the right to development
    2. Land rights, the right to participation and free, prior informed consent
    3. The rights to health, water and food and an adequate standard of living
    4. Culture and traditional knowledge
    5. International cooperation
    6. The right to redress and reparation
    7. Sustainable Development Goals
  6. State commitments, national reports and intended nationally determined contributions (INDCs)
  7. Climate finance and safeguards
    1. Global Environment Facility
    2. Clean Development Mechanism
    3. REDD+
    4. Adaptation Fund
    5. Green Climate Fund
  8. Examples of mitigation projects of concern
    1. The Barro Blanco hydroelectric project in Panama
    2. Water Tower Protection and Climate Change Mitigation and Adaptation (WaTER) Programme in Kenya
    3. The Agua Zarca hydroelectric project in Honduras
    4. Other related situations
  9. Conclusions and recommendations